Basic Folder Structure of ExpressJS MVC Application 2023

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Basic Folder Structure of ExpressJS MVC Application

In general, the best way to structure a folder for an Express.js website will depend on the specific needs and requirements of the website. When using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern with Express.js, a common approach is to use the following folder structure:

  • /controllers: This folder contains the controller files for the website, which define the handling functions for the different routes.
  • /models: This folder contains the model files for the website, which define the data structures and interactions with the database.
  • /public: This folder contains static assets such as images, CSS files, and JavaScript files.
  • /views: This folder contains the view templates for the website, which define the HTML pages that will be rendered when a user accesses a particular URL.
  • /app.js: This is the main file for the Express.js website, which defines the settings and middleware for the website, as well as the routes and views.

In this structure, the app.js file acts as the entry point for the website and defines the basic settings and middleware, as well as the routes. The routes are handled by the controller functions, which interact with the models to retrieve or modify data and then render the appropriate views. This structure allows for a clear separation of concerns and makes it easier to manage and maintain the different components of the website. As with the previous example, this is just one possible approach and there are many different ways to structure an Express.js website using the MVC pattern. The important thing is to choose a structure that makes sense for your particular website and its requirements.

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